Smart pig farming practices include a seemingly endless number of issues, from food and water, housing and flooring, it can seem that you must pay sharp attention to almost too many issues. Yet, high quality pig housing can streamline your work by incorporating many different components and systems that automate many tasks. However, it takes some initial consideration and thought to setup optimal housing, and one issue that requires a good deal of attention is pig housing ventilation.
The UK government says this about ventilation in pig housing, “You must make sure that you keep pigs at a comfortable temperature and ventilate them to keep them cool. Methods you can use include: blowing air over the pigs; water spray or misting; wetting part of the floor…You should avoid wide temperature fluctuations and keep above the minimum temperature. You must not keep pigs in the high temperature/high humidity environment…”
While that seems excessive, it can be easily managed with proper ventilation. The Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board says that “Ventilation systems are intended to provide optimum living conditions for pigs. A well-managed, functioning and efficient ventilation system effectively draws fresh air into a building and removes stale air containing a proportion of microbes, dust, harmful gases and water vapour.”
To choose the right system means looking at the structural conditions and choosing components based on that. Systems should incorporate:
- Fresh air inlets installed in ceilings and/or walls and made of shock proof, recyclable, UV stable and non-deformable plastics. Easy to clean designs and materials, with simple operation with rust proof springs, airtight seals and adjustable openings
- Air channels made of heat insulated polyurethane plates perforated for optimal air flow
- Fresh air chimneys equipped with fans to ensure fresh air distribution is controlled. There should be an actuator for control and a wire mesh guard over the fan
- Sprays and sprinklers can be used for evaporative cooling during high temperatures outdoors and should automatically cue when temperatures exceed pre-set levels. Some ventilation systems offer cool mist devices that spray a mist over incoming air
- Accessories such as air deflectors, spaces and bird or pest prevention systems
Any ventilation components should be easy to clean, adjust and control. They should include temperature sensors and all of the actuators should be of the low voltage variety.
At IDS Pigs, you can work with their team to create a fully bespoke solution to your pig housing ventilation needs, incorporating the essentials listed here.