An article from Zoetis in early 2019 asked a question with its title: Do your pigs need blankets? It then went on to say that temperature can affect any pig’s productivity. Whimsically pointing out that your pigs walk around naked without much hair or fat to keep them warm, the article also explained that it can be immensely challenging to create an environment that keeps pigs at optimal temperatures.
This is especially true in light of the fact that pigs of different weights and at different phases of production need different temperatures. For instance, the article notes that the temperatures of the laying areas should be:
“7kg pig around 28°C (83°F)
15kg pig around 24°C (75°F)
30kg pig around 22°C (72°F)
50kg – finish around 20°C (68°F)”
This is not the recommended temperature range for the entire building but for the area immediately around the pigs’ laying area. Further complicating matters is the fact that a group of pigs, and their body heat, can make things even more challenging to regulate.
The impact of uncontrolled conditions is quite severe and a farmer will often see lower growth rates when pigs are forced to use up energy stores to remain warm. Also, while heat is known to harbor bacteria and disease, cold can also cause such issues as salmonella, streptococcus suis, and Glassers Disease to thrive.
Thus, it makes sense to figure out how to ensure pigs enjoy the most regulated and controlled temperatures possible. The solution is often found with the design of the housing in use. IDS Pigs specializes in bespoke pig housing designed for each phase of a pig’s lifecycle. Whether it is for sows, for finishing, or for any other phase of growth and production, there are solutions that will ensure optimal temperatures, airflow, cleanliness and growth.