A late 2019 report on boar fertility indicated that “Boars, like sows, must be treated with compassion and dignity, to maintain a positive and economic well-being for the animal and producer.” This is something many UK pig farmers are well aware of, and yet it pays to lean in and listen to a bit more about the latest discoveries of links between boar management and their fertility.
As an article at The Pig Site explained, “special attention is needed when it comes to boar management, considering nutrition, vaccinations, and herd health programs. Also, housing and the aggressiveness of the male may determine the amount a boar is being used.” For example, boars that remain on the farm and within proximity of breeding sows must be kept at a distance from the sows in estrus. This cuts down on the level of stress experienced by the boar. Additionally, ensuring ample amounts of clean water, full ventilation, and comfortable temperatures have been shown to boost fertility by cutting stress.
Nutritional requirements must also be met and many boars benefit from “increased zinc and selenium levels; including calcium and phosphorus above grow finishing diet. Feed quality and nutrition programs have a direct impact on sperm count and quality as well as boar stamina. Omega-3 fatty acids appear to have a positive influence on fertility,” too. The former description is a great deal like dry sow feeding specifications, and it can be helpful to use the same feeding systems to regulate a boar’s health.
Boars are also creatures that prefer a routine, and electronic or regulated feeding equipment is best for ensuring trackable nutrient intake. Boars face a lot of challenges that can affect their fertility levels. Temperature fluctuations, inadequate or untimely feedings, and stressors can all cause issues.
The good news is that IDS Pigs makes it easier than ever to house a boar, or boars, in optimal conditions. Clean and sterile housing with adequate room, fresh air, stress-free handling, and feeding and watering systems that eliminate any risk of toxins or pathogens are all part of the bespoke housing solutions available.